A Bone Break
- Stop: Do you suspect a neck or back injury? Call 911. Do not move
person, unless you must for their safety. If so, keep the head
supported and in line with the spine. (Diagram 15)
- Call 911 if there is heavy bleeding, gentle pressure causes pain,
or the bone comes out through the skin. Cover an open fracture with
a clean cloth.
- Protect the area from movement. Make a splint from wooden boards or
rolled newspapers. Hold the splint in place with tied cloth.
- “Buddy tape” a broken toe to a nearby healthy toe or tape a broken
finger to a nearby healthy finger.
- Apply an ice pack for swelling. Do not apply ice if bone is
sticking out of the skin.
- For a serious broken bone, immediately go to the Emergency Room, or call 911.
- Do not attempt to put the bone back in place. There might be a broken bone.
- Support a dislocated joint with pillows, a rolled blanket, sling, or splint.
- Apply an ice pack.
- Go to your doctor, or the Emergency Room, or call 911.
- Rest the injured area.
- Ice: Apply an ice bag or cool compress covered in a towel or over a
damp cloth on the joint as soon as possible. Ice for 20 minutes.
Repeat this every 4 hours.
- Compression: Wrap with an elastic bandage or elastic sleeve–not too
tightly. Start wrapping below the joint and wrap towards the body.
- Elevate the joint above the heart level. This moves fluids away from the injury.
- For pain, take ibuprofen (Motrin®, Advil®, etc.) or acetaminophen (Tylenol®, etc.).
- Seek medical care if pain is severe or if you suspect a broken bone.
- Pretty easy! Just remember to RICE.